It is really unusual that many women and men do not actually know their hair types and textures. In this article they will find out the answer to one of the most common questions: what is my hair type?
In general, there are four different hair types: straight, wavy, curly and kinky.. It is critical that you determine your natural hair type, because once you know this, you can start using products that will help you to achieve the look you always wanted.
Type 1: Straight
The main characteristics of straight S1a hair are:
- Hangs loose and free.
- Shiny (reflects light easily).
- Hard to damage.
- Very hard to curl.
- Easily becomes oily.
Type 2: Wavy
It lies between straight and curly hair. There are three sub categories: W2a, W2b, and W2c. They all form different "S" shaped curves or curls.
- W2a is thinner than other two forms; as a matter of fact, 2A hair is fine. Strands have just a hint of a bend in them. S-waves are loose and stretched out throughout the hair. This type can easily be styled straight or curly.
- W2b is a little thicker, with S-waves being shorter, more distinct.
- W2c is thick and coarse, with very distinct S-waves.
- Both 2b and 2c are more resistant to styling.
- Wavy hair is more susceptible to frizz.
- Has little bounce.
- It has more shine than curly hair, but less than straight.
Type 3: Curly
It has a much tighter curl pattern. It is categorized in C3a, C3b and C3c. All three subcategories form a definite “S”. The only difference is in the size of the curl.
- 3A hair type has a looser curl pattern – spiral curls.
- 3B hair has a tighter curl pattern - ringlets.
- 3C hair has a very tight curly look - corkscrews.
- Wavy hair has a lot of body.
- Can be styled in different styles.
- Does not have lots of sheen.
- Prone to damage.
- Easily frizzes in the humid climate.
Type 4: Kinky
Most African-American women have this hair type. It has extremely defined curls which are tightly coiled. There are also three varieties: K4a, K4b and K4c.
- K4a has a tightly coiled “S” pattern to it.
- K4B/C is more wiry with a zig-zag pattern.
- Kinky hair is driest of all types.
- Ii is most fragile of all other types.
- Has very little elasticity.
- It breaks very easily.
Different Hair Types:
Hair Texture Types
Different hair texture types will determine what hairstyles you can choose and consequently, your beauty. There are three distinct textures: fine, medium and thick hair.
Fine Hair Type
About 15% of all women have fine hair. Fine hair has a diameter of 50 microns. Fine hair reflects light the best. When it is healthy, fine hair will often have a natural shine. Blondes have fine hair most often, since blonde hair is the thinnest.
Fine hair is: soft, shine, limp, flyaway, lifeless and flat.
Fine hair is much easier to damage than medium or coarse hair. The biggest problem with fine hair is to gain volume and get hair to hold a style.
To gain volume, color and heat style your hair and it will hold a style easier. Use volumizing products and styling gels and mousses. Use a gentle shampoo.
It is also important to use a lightweight conditioner! Put conditioners onto the lengths and ends of your hair rather than the roots.
A short blunt cut will create the illusion of more hair. Avoid layers and long hair.
The general rule for fine hair is that the shorter it is, the lighter it is and therefore the less limp and flat it is. Streaks are a good idea for fine hair, because they add volume to the hair.
Medium Hair Type
Most people have medium hair. Medium hair is not too thick, not too thin, and has a diameter between 60-90 microns.
Medium hair has lots of body and usually holds either a blow-dry shape or any type of hairstyle very well. It has the most styling flexibility of the three hair types.
Medium hair is:
- Softer than coarse hair.
- More voluminous than fine hair.
- More manageable than fine hair.
- Medium hair is regularly considered as normal hair.
Coarse Hair Type
Coarse hair has a diameter of 100 microns and above.
Coarse hair is:
Coarse hair is often dry. It is hard to process, and can be very resistant to hair coloring, perming, and straightening. It needs conditioning to keep it under control.
Wear it long so the weight of the hair drags it down. Get a layered cut. Stay away from a blunt cut.
Thick and Thin Hair
Whether your hair is thin or thick depends on the number of hairs on your head not on the thickness of each hair strand.
The average head has between 100,000 and 150,000 hairs, and normal daily fall-out is 50-100 hairs.
People with thick hair have about 150,000 strands on their heads.
People with thin hair have about 90,000 strands on their heads.
Thick hair will look too bushy if cut into a short style. Layer thick your hair since layering adds mobility.
If you hair is thin, short haircuts look best. Adding highlights and low lights give the illusion of thickness.
Three Ways To Find Out What Your Hair Type Is
How long does it take for your hair to dry naturally? Your hair is fine or thin if it takes less than an hour to dry.
Your hair is thick if it takes more than an hour to dry.
Pull out a single hair.
Put it against a piece of white paper. This way you will identify your hair type much easier.
Fine hair is difficult to see and not easily felt between the fingers.
Medium hair is easily seen against the white paper, but it will not feel wiry between the fingers.
Coarse hair will be very visible against the white paper. It will feel quite wiry between the fingers.
Make a ponytail.
Put your thumb and forefinger around it to make a circle.
Your hair is thin if the circle is dime-sized or less.
Your hair is thick if the circle is quarter-sized or more.
Anything in-between is medium thickness or average.
There’s not much you can do about the structure of your hair. If you are not happy with the type of your hair you can’t change it but you can influence it.
Both fine and medium textured hair can be plumped up with perms and color.
They both get increased resilience and shape-holding power from setting lotions, mousses and hair sprays.
Coarse hair can be calmed with rich conditioners and styling gel. It is also possible for some people to have more than one texture on their head at the same time.
Good hair days can become the rule rather the exception when you get to know your hair. The easiest way for you and your hair to get along is to work in harmony.